Modularity is a property heavily based on an inner system of rules that I mention regularly in my work. One or more forms in multiple copies fit together to create larger arrangements. The visuality, functionality and purpose is found in the repetition of elements. Each building block has to be self-responsive or a variety of blocks have to be cross-responsive to make it happen. It works at any scale and it is a solid option for many design processes.
Simple parts multiply to complexity
This study is working with a single shape that is repeated many times. The inner rules that the shape works with are quite simple: a grid logic of two cubes with some shifts and removed faces. It is enough to create surprisingly complex and chaotic compositions. The whole thing immediately begins to look very architectural. There is no purpose to any of these compositions at this moment. I was always attracted to open-ended opportunities with no purpose but a lot of potential. There is something optimistic in that, there is something to look for.
Component systems beyond spatial imagination limits of the mind
There is a limit to the imagination beyond which it no longer works usefully and needs aids, visual or physical. For this shape we have here it is most probably somewhere between three and four copies. You can probably visualize one, two or three of these forms just in your mind. You can rotate the composition and change it. You can remember it with some effort. But four or five? That is too much to carry in the mind. I watch out for this moment very carefully and I prefer to stay outside of the comfort zone. It means you must have the physical aids of the objects to be able to see the combinations, to be able to work with them at all. A composition of six of these rotating forms is something that must be built in front of your eyes, it cannot be imagined well. Sometimes the mind fails with even less elements and it is always great to keep reaching over its capacity like that.
The result is much more than the sum of the parts.